Today: Wednesday - 26 June 2019
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Azerbaijan: Army and Navy Day


1284 - the legendary Pied Piper leads 130 children out of Hamelin, Germany
1409 - Western Schism: the Roman Catholic church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
1483 - Richard III is crowned king of England.
1541 - Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed.
1718 - Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
1723 - After a siege and bombardment by cannon, Baku surrenders to the Russians.
1848 - End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
1857 - The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
1870 - The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
1909 - The Science Museum in London comes into existence as an independent entity.
1917 - The first U.S. troops arrive in France to fight alongside Britain, France, Italy, and Russia against Germany, and Austria-Hungary in World War I.
1918 - World War I, Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
1924 - American occupying forces leave the Dominican Republic.
1927 - The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island.
1934 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions.
1936 - Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
1940 - World War II: under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and the northern part of Bukovina.
1945 - The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco.
1948 - The Western allies begin an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union blockades West Berlin.
1948 - William Shockley files the original patent for the grown junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor.
1948 - Shirley Jackson's short story The Lottery is published in The New Yorker magazine.
1952 - The Pan-Malayan Labour Party is founded in Malaya, as a union of statewise labour parties.
1959 - The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America's Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.
1960 - The former British Protectorate of British Somaliland gains its independence as Somaliland .
1960 - Madagascar gains its independence from France.
1963 - John F. Kennedy speaks the famous words "Ich bin ein Berliner" on a visit to West Berlin.
1973 - At Plesetsk Cosmodrome 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
1974 - The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio
1975 - Indira Gandhi establishes emergency rule in India.
1975 - Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
1976 - The CN Tower, the world's tallest free-standing structure on land, is opened to general public.
1977 - The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she is the first victim who is not a prostitute.
1978 - Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overruns the runway and crashes into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers on board perish.
1991 - Ten-Day War: the Yugoslav people's army begins the Ten-Day War in Slovenia.
1993 - The United States launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
1994 - Microsoft no longer supports MS-DOS and the development of FreeDOS begins.
1995 - Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposes his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup.
1996 - Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin
1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
2003 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Lawrence v. Texas that gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional.
2008 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules in District of Columbia v. Heller that the ban on handguns in the District of Columbia is unconstitutional.



26 JanuaryRepublic Day (गणतंत्र दिवस, Republic Day)
21 MarchHoli (dewanagari होली trl. holī, bengali হোলি )
19 AprilGood Friday (अच्छा शुक्रवार)
3 JuneEnd of Ramadan (Eid al-Fitr)
26 JuneVesākha (Vesak, Buddha Purnima, बैसाख)
15 AugustIndependence Day (स्वतंत्रता दिवस, Independence Day)
9 SeptemberDay of Ashura (Ashura)
2 OctoberMahatma Gandhi's Birthday (Gandhi Jayanti)
27 OctoberDiwali (Dipawali dewanagari दीपावली)
25 DecemberChristmas (क्रिसमस)
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Republic of India
Bhārat Gaāarājya, trb. Bharat Ganaradźja
Republic of India - FlagRepublic of India - Coat of arms
Republic of India - Location
Capital: New Delhi
Official languages: English (statewide), Hindi (Central Government and ten states), Sanskrit (statewide)
Government: Republic
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
Population: 1 147 996 000
Area: 3 287 590 km²
Religion: Hinduism (81,1%), Islam (12%), Christianity (2,3%)
Time Zone: UTC +5:30
Auto Code: IND
Internet TLD: .in
Calling code: +91
Corporate Income Tax: 45,00%
Personal Income Tax: 0-33%
Value Added Tax: 12,50%
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