Today: Saturday - 24 February 2018
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Estonia: Independence Day


1387 - King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda.
1538 - Treaty of Nagyvarad between Ferdinand I and John Zápolya.
1582 - Pope Gregory XIII announces the Gregorian calendar.
1607 - L'Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi, one of the first works recognized as an opera, receives its première performance.
1711 - The London première of Rinaldo by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage.
1739 - Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah.
1803 - The Supreme Court of the United States, in Marbury v. Madison, establishes the principle of judicial review.
1804 - London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.
1822 - The 1st Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad, is inaugurated.
1826 - The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War.
1831 - The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the first removal treaty in accordance with the Indian Removal Act, is proclaimed. The Choctaws in Mississippi cede land east of the river in exchange for payment and land in the West.
1839 - William Otis receives a patent for the steam shovel.
1848 - King Louis-Philippe of France abdicates the throne.
1863 - Arizona is organized as a United States territory.
1868 - Andrew Johnson becomes the first President of the United States to be impeached by the United States House of Representatives. He is later acquitted in the Senate.
1868 - The first parade to have floats is staged at Mardi Gras in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1875 - The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
1881 - China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
1890 - Chicago is selected to host the Columbian Exposition
1893 - The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America.
1895 - Revolution breaks out in Baire, a town near Santiago de Cuba, beginning the second war for Cuban independence, which ended with the Spanish-American War in 1898.
1899 - Western Washington University is established.
1909 - The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.
1917 - World War I: The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom is given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledges to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.
1918 - Estonian Declaration of Independence.
1920 - The Nazi Party is founded.
1942 - Battle of Los Angeles: a UFO flying over wartime Los Angeles causes a blackout order at 2:25 a.m. and attracts a barrage of anti-aircraft fire, ultimately killing 3 civilians.
1945 - Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
1968 - Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Hué.
1970 - National Public Radio is founded in the United States.
1971 - The All India Forward Bloc holds an emergency central committee meeting after its chairman, Hemantha Kumar Bose, is killed 3 days earlier. P.K. Mookiah Thevar is appointed as the new chairman.
1976 - Cuba : national Constitution proclaimed.
1981 - An earthquake registering 6.7 on the Richter scale hits Athens, killing 16 people and destroying buildings in several towns west of the city.
1981 - Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of The Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer.
1983 - A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II.
1989 - United Airlines Flight 811, bound for New Zealand from Honolulu, Hawaii, rips open during flight, sucking 9 passengers out of the business-class section.
1989 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a USD $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie.
1996 - The last occurrence of February 24 as a leap day in the European Union and for the Roman Catholic Church.
1999 - The State of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand, a German national involved in an armed robbery, in spite of Germany's legal action to attempt to save him.
1999 - A China Southern Airlines Tupolev TU-154 airliner crashes on approach to Wenzhou airport in eastern the People's Republic of China, killing 61.
2006 - Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declares Proclamation 1017 placing the country in a state of emergency in attempt to subdue a possible military coup.
2007 - Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats such as North Korea.
2008 - Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba after nearly fifty years.
303 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire.



1 JanuaryNew Year's Day
29 MarchMaundy Thursday
30 MarchGood Friday
1 MayLabour Day
24 JunePeasants' Day (Inti Raymi, Dia del Campesino)
25 JuneFeast of Saints Peter and Paul (San Pedro y San Pablo)
28 JulyIndependence Day
29 JulyIndependence Day
30 AugustDay of Saint Rose of Lima (Fiesta de Santa Rosa)
8 OctoberBattle of Angamos (Combate de Angamos)
1 NovemberAll Saints
8 DecemberImmaculate Conception
24 DecemberChristmas Eve
25 DecemberChristmas
31 DecemberNew Year's Eve
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Republic of Peru
República del Perú, Piruw Republika
Republic of Peru - FlagRepublic of Peru - Coat of arms
Republic of Peru - Location
Capital: Lima
Official languages: Spanish, Aymara, Quechua
Government: Republic
Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Population: 29 181 000
Area: 1 285 220 km²
Religion: Catholicism
Time Zone: UTC -5
Auto Code: PE
Internet TLD: .pe
Calling code: +51
Corporate Income Tax: 27,00%
Personal Income Tax: 15-27%
Value Added Tax: 2/19%
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