Today: Monday - 9 December 2019
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Today Holidays
Tanzania: Independence Day
Northern-Mariana-Islands: Constitution Day
Antigua-and-Barbuda: National Heroes Day


1425 - The Catholic University of Leuven is founded.
1531 - The Virgin of Guadalupe first appeared to Juan Diego at Tepeyac, Mexico.
1793 - New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster.
1824 - Patriot forces led by General Antonio José de Sucre defeat a Royalist army in the Battle of Ayacucho, putting an end to the Peruvian War of Independence.
1835 - The Republic of Texas captures San Antonio, Texas.
1851 - The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal, Quebec.
1856 - The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
1861 - American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
1872 - In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first serving African-American governor of a U.S. state.
1875 - Massachusetts Rifle Association "America's Oldest Active Gun Club" is founded.
1888 - Statistician Herman Hollerith installs his computing device at the United States War Department.
1897 - Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde, in Paris.
1905 - In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
1917 - In Palestine, Field Marshal Edmund Allenby captures Jerusalem.
1922 - Gabriel Narutowicz is announced the first president of Poland.
1931 - The Constituent Cortes approves the constitution which establishes the Second Spanish Republic.
1935 - Walter Liggett, American newspaper editor and muckraker, is killed in gangland murder.
1937 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing – Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing.
1940 - World War II: Operation Compass – British and Indian troops under the command of Major-General Richard O'Connor attack Italian forces near Sidi Barrani in Egypt.
1941 - World War II: The Republic of China, Cuba, Guatemala, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, and the Philippine Commonwealth, declare war on Germany and Japan.
1941 - World War II: The 19th Bombardment Group attacks Japanese ships off the coast of Vigan, Luzon.
1946 - The "Subsequent Nuremberg Trials" began with the "Doctors' Trial", prosecuting doctors alleged to be involved in human experimentation.
1950 - Harry Gold is sentenced to thirty years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs pass information about the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union. His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
1953 - Red Scare: General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company.
1958 - Red Scare: The John Birch Society was founded in the United States.
1960 - The first episode of Britain's longest running television soap opera Coronation Street is broadcast.
1961 - The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Israel ends with verdicts of guilty on 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
1961 - Tanganyika becomes independent from Britain.
1962 - The Petrified Forest National Park is established in Arizona.
1965 - The Kecksburg UFO incident: a fireball is seen from Michigan to Pennsylvania; witnesses report something crashing in the woods near Pittsburgh. In 2005 NASA admits that it examined an object.
1968 - NLS (a system for which hypertext and the computer mouse were developed) is publicly demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco.
1979 - The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first and to date only human disease driven to extinction.
1987 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: The First Intifada begins in the Gaza Strip and West Bank.
1988 - The Michael Hughes Bridge in Sligo, Ireland is officially opened.
1990 - Lech Wałęsa becomes the first directly elected president of Poland.
1996 - The War on Cancer hits its 25th mark.
2000 - The United States Supreme Court stays the Florida recount.
2003 - A blast in the center of Moscow kills six people and wounds several more.
2006 - Moscow suffers its worst fire since 1977, killing 45 women in a drug rehabitation center.



1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Нова Година, Nova Godina)
2 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Нова Година, Nova Godina)
7 JanuaryOrthodox Christmas
26 AprilOrthodox Good Friday (Велики Петок, Veliki Petok)
28 AprilOrthodox Easter
29 AprilOrthodox Easter Monday
1 MayLabour Day (Ден на трудот, Den na trudot)
3 JuneEnd of Ramadhan (Рамазан Бајрам, Ramazan Bajram)
2 AugustRepublic Day (Ден на Републиката, Den na Republikata)
8 SeptemberIndependence Day (Ден на независноста, Den na nezavisnosta)
11 OctoberRevolution Day (Ден на востанието, Den na vostanieto)
23 OctoberDay of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle (Ден на македонската револуционерна борба, Den na makedonskata revolucionarna borba)
8 DecemberSaint Clement of Ohrid Day (Св. Климент Охридски, Sv. Kliment Ohridski)
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Republic of Macedonia
Република Македонија
Republic of Macedonia - FlagRepublic of Macedonia - Coat of arms
Republic of Macedonia - Location
Capital: Skopje
Official languages: Macedonian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Currency: Denar (MKD)
Population: 2 061 000
Area: 25 713 km²
Religion: Orthodox Church
Time Zone:
UTC +1 winter
Auto Code: MK
Internet TLD: .mk
Calling code: +389
Corporate Income Tax: 10%
Personal Income Tax: 10%
Value Added Tax: 5/18%
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