Today: Sunday - 22 July 2018
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Today Holidays
The-Gambia: Revolution Day


1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1298 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk – King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeat William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town.
1456 - Ottoman Wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade – John Hunyadi, Regent of Kingdom of Hungary defeats Mehmet II of Ottoman Empire
1484 - Battle of Lochmaben Fair – a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
1499 - Battle of Dornach – the Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.
1587 - Colony of Roanoke: a second group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
1686 - Albany, New York is formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan.
1793 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
1796 - Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
1805 - Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition – Battle of Cape Finisterre – an inconclusive naval action is fought between a combined French and Spanish fleets under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.
1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War – Battle of Salamanca – British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta – outside Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
1894 - First ever motorized racing event is held in France between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The race is won by Jules de Dion.
1916 - In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
1933 - Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
1934 - Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
1937 - New Deal: the United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
1942 - The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
1942 - Holocaust: the systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
1943 - Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.
1944 - The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland
1946 - King David Hotel bombing: Irgun bombs King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the British civil and military administration, killing 90.
1962 - Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
1968 - Sir John Newsome recommends public schools should take 50% of their intake from the state school system
1976 - Japan completes its last reparation to the Philippines for war crimes committed in Japan's imperial conquest of the country in the Second World War
1977 - Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
1983 - Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.
1992 - Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
1997 - The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
2002 - Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas's military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.
2003 - Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.
2005 - Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings



1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Нова Година, Nova Godina)
2 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Нова Година, Nova Godina)
7 JanuaryOrthodox Christmas
6 AprilOrthodox Good Friday (Велики Петок, Veliki Petok)
8 AprilOrthodox Easter
9 AprilOrthodox Easter Monday
1 MayLabour Day (Ден на трудот, Den na trudot)
15 JuneEnd of Ramadhan (Рамазан Бајрам, Ramazan Bajram)
2 AugustRepublic Day (Ден на Републиката, Den na Republikata)
8 SeptemberIndependence Day (Ден на независноста, Den na nezavisnosta)
11 OctoberRevolution Day (Ден на востанието, Den na vostanieto)
23 OctoberDay of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle (Ден на македонската револуционерна борба, Den na makedonskata revolucionarna borba)
8 DecemberSaint Clement of Ohrid Day (Св. Климент Охридски, Sv. Kliment Ohridski)
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Republic of Macedonia
Република Македонија
Republic of Macedonia - FlagRepublic of Macedonia - Coat of arms
Republic of Macedonia - Location
Capital: Skopje
Official languages: Macedonian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Currency: Denar (MKD)
Population: 2 061 000
Area: 25 713 km²
Religion: Orthodox Church
Time Zone:
UTC +1 winter
Auto Code: MK
Internet TLD: .mk
Calling code: +389
Corporate Income Tax: 10%
Personal Income Tax: 10%
Value Added Tax: 5/18%
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