Today: Friday - 7 August 2020
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Today Holidays
Côte-d'Ivoire: Republic Day
Colombia: Boyaca Battle Day


1461 - the Ming Dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor.
1606 - The first documented performance of Macbeth performed at the Great Hall at Hampton Court.
1679 - The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.
1714 - The Battle of Gangut: the first important victory of the Russian Navy.
1782 - George Washington orders the creation of the Badge of Military Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to the more poetic Purple Heart.
1789 - The United States War Department is established.
1791 - United States troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.
1794 - The Whiskey Rebellion begins: farmers in the Monongahela Valley of Pennsylvania rebel against the federal tax on liquor and distilled drinks.
1819 - Simón Bolívar triumphs over Spain in the Battle of Boyacá.
1879 - The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
1889 - Anna Månsdotter becomes the last woman in Sweden to be executed, this for the 1889 Yngsjö murder.
1927 - The Peace Bridge opens between Fort Erie, Ontario and Buffalo, New York.
1933 - The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
1940 - Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich (Germany) during World War II
1942 - World War II: the Battle of Guadalcanal begins – United States Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
1944 - IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
1945 - U.S. President Harry S. Truman announces the bombing of Hiroshima with an atomic bomb while returning from the Potsdam Conference aboard the heavy cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31) in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
1947 - Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft the Kon-Tiki, smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101-day, 7000-km (4375-mile) journey across the Pacific Ocean in an attempt to prove that pre-historic peoples could have traveled from South America.
1947 - The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).
1955 - Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan.
1959 - The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design and is still in use.
1959 - Explorer program: Explorer 6 launched from the Atlantic Missile Range in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
1960 - Côte d'Ivoire becomes independent.
1964 - Vietnam War: the U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving US President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.
1965 - The infamous first party between Ken Kesey's Merry Pranksters and motorcycle gang the Hell's Angels takes place at Kesey's estate in La Honda, California introducing psychedelics to the gang world and forever linking the hippie movement to the Hell's Angels.
1966 - Race riots occur in Lansing, Michigan.
1967 - Vietnam War: the People's Republic of China agrees to give North Vietnam an undisclosed amount of aid in the form of a grant.
1970 - California judge Harold Haley is taken hostage in his courtroom and killed during in an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.
1973 - NBC airs the final day of the Watergate hearings on U.S. daytime television.
1974 - Philippe Petit performed a high wire act between the twin towers of the World Trade Center 1,368 ft (417.0 m) in the air.
1976 - Viking program: Viking 2 enters into orbit around Mars.
1978 - United States President Jimmy Carter declares a federal emergency at Love Canal.
1981 - The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.
1985 - Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.
1988 - Rioting in New York City's Tompkins Square Park.
1989 - U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.
2007 - Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants breaks baseball great Hank Aaron's record by hitting his 756th home run.
2008 - Georgia launches a military offensive to surround and capture the capital of South Ossetia, Tskhinvali, from Russian control, starting the South Ossetia War.



1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Újév)
15 MarchNational Day (Nemzeti ünnep)
12 AprilEaster (Húsvétvasárnap)
13 AprilEaster Monday (Húsvéthétfő)
1 MayLabour Day (A munka ünnepe)
31 MayPentecost (Pünkösd)
20 AugustFoundation Day / St. Stephens's Day (Szent István ünnepe)
23 OctoberNational Day (Nemzeti ünnep)
1 NovemberAll Saints (Mindenszentek)
24 DecemberChristmas Eve (Szenteste)
25 DecemberChristmas (Karácsony)
26 DecemberBoxing Day (Karácsony másnapja)
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Republic of Hungary
Magyar Köztársaság
Republic of Hungary - FlagRepublic of Hungary - Coat of arms
Republic of Hungary - Location
Capital: Budapest
Official languages: Hungarian
Government: Republic
Currency: Forint (HUF)
Population: 9 931 000
Area: 93 030 km²
Religion: Catholicism (51,9%), Calvinism (15,9%), Lutheranism (3,0%), Irreligion (24,6%)
Time Zone:
UTC +1 - winter
UTC +2 - summer
Auto Code: H
Internet TLD: .hu
Calling code: +36
Corporate Income Tax: 10/19%
Personal Income Tax: 18/36%
Value Added Tax: 25,00%
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