Today: Wednesday - 28 October 2020
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Today Holidays
Cyprus: The "Ohi day"
Greece: The "Ohi day"
Czech-Republic: Republic Day


1061 - Empress Agnes, acting as Regent for her son, brings about the election of Bishop Cadalus, the antipope Honorius II
1516 - Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
1531 - Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
1538 - The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
1628 - The Siege of La Rochelle, which had been lasted for 14 months, ends with the surrender of the Huguenots.
1636 - A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University.
1664 - The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.
1776 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains – British Army forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
1834 - The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
1848 - The first railroad in Spain – between Barcelona and Mataró – is opened.
1864 - American Civil War: Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends – Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
1886 - In New York Harbor, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty.
1891 - The Mino-Owari Earthquake, the largest earthquake in Japan's history, strikes Gifu Prefecture.
1893 - Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathétique, receives its premiere performance in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer's death.
1918 - World War I: Czechoslovakia is granted independence from Austria-Hungary marking the beginning of independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.
1918 - New Polish government in Western Galicia (Central Europe) is established.
1919 - The U.S. Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson's veto, paving the way for Prohibition to begin the following January.
1922 - March on Rome: Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini march on Rome and take over the Italian government.
1929 - Black Monday, a day in the Wall Street Crash of 1929, which also saw major stock market upheaval.
1936 - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt rededicates the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.
1940 - World War II: Italy invades Greece through Albania, marking Greece's entry into World War II. It is celebrated in Greece as Okhi Day.
1942 - The Alaska Highway (Alcan Highway) is completed through Canada to Fairbanks, Alaska.
1948 - Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
1954 - The modern Kingdom of the Netherlands is re-founded as a federal monarchy.
1959 - The Buffalo Bills officially enter the American Football League. They would later become a present day National Football League team as part of the AFL-NFL Merger.
1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he had ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
1964 - Vietnam War: U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing North Vietnam.
1965 - Nostra Aetate, the "Declaration on the Relation of the Church with Non-Christian Religions" of the Second Vatican Council, is promulgated by Pope Paul VI; it absolves the Jews of the alleged killing of Jesus, reversing Innocent III's 760 year-old declaration.
1970 - Gary Gabelich sets a land speed record in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
1971 - Britain launches its first (and as of 2007, only) satellite, Prospero, into low Earth orbit atop a Black Arrow carrier rocket.
1982 - Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) wins elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalez becomes Prime Minister-elect.
1985 - Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and makes peace overtures to the United States; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.
1986 - The centenary of the dedication of the Statue of Liberty is celebrated in New York Harbor.
1998 - An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
2005 - Plame affair: Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney's chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day.
2006 - Funeral service takes place for those executed at Bykivnia forest, outside Kiev, Ukraine. 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s – early 1940s are reburied.
2007 - Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner is elected the first woman President of Argentina.



1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Hari Raya Nyepi)
10 AprilGood Friday (Jumat Agung)
23 MayEnd of Ramadan (Eid Al-Fitri)
24 MayAscension of Jesus
24 MayEnd of Ramadan (Eid Al-Fitri)
29 JulySacrifice Feast (El-Al-Adha)
11 AugustNight of the Journey and Ascension (Isra dan Mi'raj)
15 AugustAssumption of Mary (Maria Diangkat ke Surga)
17 AugustIndependence Day (Hari Kemerdekaan)
19 AugustIslamic New Year (Hari Raya Nyepi)
28 OctoberChinese New Year (Tahun Baru Imlek)
13 NovemberBirth of the Prophet (Maulid Nabi Muhammad)
25 DecemberChristmas
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Republic of Indonesia
Republik Indonesia
Republic of Indonesia - FlagRepublic of Indonesia - Coat of arms
Republic of Indonesia - Location
Capital: Jakarta
Official languages: Indonesian
Government: Republic
Currency: Rupiah (IDR)
Population: 237 512 000
Area: 1 919 440 km²
Religion: Islam (86%), Protestantism (8%), Catholicism (3%), Hinduism (2%), Buddhism (1%)
Time Zone: UTC +7 do +9
Auto Code: RI
Internet TLD: .id
Calling code: +62
Corporate Income Tax: 25,00%
Personal Income Tax: 5-30%
Value Added Tax: 10,00%
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