Today: Wednesday - 20 June 2018
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Eritrea: Martyrs' Day


1214 - The University of Oxford receives its charter.
1631 - The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates.
1652 - Tarhoncu Ahmet Paşa appointed grand vezir of the Ottoman Empire, served until 21 March 1653.
1685 - Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declares himself King of England at Bridgwater.
1756 - A British garrison is imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta.
1782 - The U.S. Congress adopts the Great Seal of the United States.
1787 - Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States.
1789 - Deputies of the French Third Estate take the Tennis Court Oath.
1791 - King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family begin the Flight to Varennes during The French Revolution.
1819 - The U.S. vessel SS Savannah arrives at Liverpool, United Kingdom. She is the first steam-propelled vessel to cross the Atlantic, although most of the journey was made under sail.
1837 - Queen Victoria succeeds to the British throne.
1840 - Samuel Morse receives the patent for the telegraph.
1862 - Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
1863 - American Civil War: West Virginia is admitted as the 35th U.S. state.
1877 - Alexander Graham Bell installs the world's first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
1893 - Lizzie Borden is acquitted for the murders of her father and stepmother.
1919 - 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1944 - World War II: The Battle of the Philippine Sea concludes with a decisive U.S. naval victory. The lopsided naval air battle is also known as the “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”.
1948 - Toast of the Town, later The Ed Sullivan Show, makes its television debut.
1956 - A Venezuelan Super-Constellation crashes in the Atlantic Ocean off Asbury Park, New Jersey, killing 74 people.
1959 - A rare June hurricane struck Canada's Gulf of St. Lawrence killing 35.
1960 - Independence of Mali and Senegal.
1963 - The so-called "red telephone" is established between the Soviet Union and the United States following the Cuban Missile Crisis.
1973 - Ezeiza massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers fire upon left-wing Peronists. At least 13 are killed and more than 300 are injured.
1979 - ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart is shot dead by a Nicaraguan soldier under the regime of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. The murder is caught on tape and sparked international outcry of the regime.
1990 - Asteroid Eureka is discovered.
1991 - The German parliament decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.



15 FebruaryLiberation Day (روز آزادی)
20 MarchNowruz (نو - مقررات)
27 AprilVictory Day
28 AprilRevolution Day (جشن انقلاب)
15 JuneEnd of Ramadan (عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr‎)
19 AugustLiberation Day (روز ملی)
21 AugustSacrifice Feast (Eid al-Adha, عيد الأضحى‎)
20 SeptemberDay of Ashura (عاشوراء, Āshūrā)
6 DecemberBirth of the Prophet (مولد النبي, Eid Milad an-Nabi)
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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - FlagIslamic Republic of Afghanistan - Coat of arms
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - Location
Capital: Kabul
Official languages: Pashto, Dari
Government: Islamic republic
Currency: Afghani (AFN)
Population: 33 609 937
Area: 647 500 km²
Religion: Islam
Time Zone: UTC +4:30
Auto Code: AFG
Internet TLD: .af
Calling code: +93
Corporate Income Tax: 20,00%
Personal Income Tax: 10/20%
Value Added Tax: 2-5%
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