Today: Saturday - 21 January 2017
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Events

1189 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade.
1287 - The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.
1525 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
1643 - Abel Tasman is the first European to reach Tonga.
1720 - Sweden and Prussia sign the Treaty of Stockholm.
1749 - The Verona Philharmonic Theatre is destroyed by fire. It is rebuilt in 1754.
1789 - The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, is printed in Boston, Massachusetts.
1793 - After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Louis XVI of France is executed by guillotine.
1861 - American Civil War: Jefferson Davis resigns from the United States Senate.
1864 - The Tauranga Campaign starts during the Maori Wars.
1887 - Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
1893 - The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, is formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate, which is now Botswana.
1899 - Opel manufactures its first automobile.
1908 - New York City passes the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only to have the measure vetoed by the mayor.
1911 - The first Monte Carlo Rally.
1915 - Kiwanis International is founded in Detroit, Michigan.
1919 - Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopts Ireland's first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary.
1921 - The Italian Communist Party is founded at Livorno.
1925 - Albania declares itself a republic.
1948 - The Flag of Quebec is adopted and flown for the first time over the National Assembly of Quebec. The day is marked annually as Quebec Flag Day.
1950 - Alger Hiss is convicted of perjury.
1954 - The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS;Nautilus;(SSN-571), is launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady of the United States.
1958 - The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashes, killing the pilot and winch-operator.
1960 - Miss Sam, a female rhesus monkey, lifts off from Wallops Island, Virginia, aboard Little Joe 1B – an unmanned test of the Mercury spacecraft.
1968 - Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh – One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.
1968 - A B-52 bomber crashes near Thule Air Base, contaminating the area after its nuclear payload ruptures. One of the four bombs remains unaccounted for after the cleanup operation is complete.
1972 - Meghalaya becomes a full-fledged state in India.
1972 - Tripura becomes a full-fledged state in India.
1976 - Commercial service of Concorde begins with London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.
1977 - President Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada.
1981 - Tehran releases United States hostages after 444 days.
1997 - Newt Gingrich becomes the first leader of the United States House of Representatives to be internally disciplined for ethical misconduct.
1999 - War on Drugs: In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the United States Coast Guard intercepts a ship with over 4,300;kg (9,500 lb) of cocaine on board.
2002 - The Canadian Dollar sets all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
2004 - The residence of reporter Juliet O'Neill is searched by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) investigating leaks concerning the deportation of Maher Arar.
2004 - NASA's MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies with Flash Memory management and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.
2005 - In Belmopan, Belize, the unrest over the government's new taxes erupts into riots.
2007 - Awashima Marine Park in Japan catches a video tape of the rare frilled shark.
2008 - Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 11 September 2001, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%.

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2017

1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (New Year's Day)
26 JanuaryAustralia Day (Australia Day)
14 AprilGood Friday
17 AprilEaster Monday
25 AprilAnzac Day (ANZAC Day)
12 JuneQueen's Day
30 OctoberLabour Day (Labour Day / Eight Hour Day)
7 NovemberMelbourne Cup (Cup Day)
25 DecemberChristmas
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Commonwealth of Australia
Commonwealth of Australia
Commonwealth of Australia - FlagCommonwealth of Australia - Coat of arms
Commonwealth of Australia - Location
Capital: Canberra
Official languages: No official language, English is the de facto official language.
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)
Population: 21 714 000
Area: 7 686 850 km²
Religion: Christianity (63,8%), Irreligion (30,6%)
Time Zone:
UTC +8 -> +11 winter
UTC +8 -> +12 summer
Auto Code: AUS
Internet TLD: .au
Calling code: +61
Corporate Income Tax: 30,00%
Personal Income Tax: 17-45%
Value Added Tax: 10,00%
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