Today: Sunday - 14 July 2024
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Today Holidays
Iraq: Republic Day
Israel: Tisha B'Av
France: Bastille Day
Wallis-and-Futuna: Bastille Day
New-Caledonia: Bastille Day
French-Polynesia: Bastille Day


1223 - Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
1698 - The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
1769 - The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
1771 - Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra.
1789 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
1790 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
1791 - The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
1798 - The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
1865 - First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom die on the descent.
1881 - Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
1900 - Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion.
1902 - The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
1943 - In Joplin, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of a African American.
1948 - Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near the Italian Parliament.
1958 - Iraqi Revolution: in Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by popular forces lead by Abdul Karim Kassem, who becomes the nation's new leader.
1965 - The Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
1969 - Football War: after Honduras loses a soocer match against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.
1969 - The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
1992 - 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source Operating System Revolution. Linus Torvalds release his Linux soon afterwards.
2000 - A powerful solar flare, later named the Bastille Day event, causes a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
2002 - French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
2003 - The United States Government admits to the existence of "Area 51".
2007 - Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.



1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (le Jour de l'An, le Jour du Nouvel An)
31 MarchEaster (Pâques)
1 AprilEaster Monday (Lundi de Pâques)
1 MayLabour Day (la fête du muguet)
8 MayVictory Day (Fête de la Liberté et de la Paix)
19 MayPentecost (la Pentecôte)
30 MayCorpus Cristi (Fête-Dieu)
14 JulyBastille Day (Fête Nationale)
15 AugustAssumption of Mary (L'Assomption)
1 NovemberAll Saints (La Toussaint)
11 NovemberArmistice Day (Armistice)
25 DecemberChristmas (Noël)
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French Republic
La République Française
French Republic - FlagFrench Republic - Coat of arms
French Republic - Location
Capital: Paris
Official languages: French
Government: Republic
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Population: 63 753 140
Area: 675 417 km²
Religion: Catholicism (77%)
Time Zone:
UTC +1 - winter
UTC +2 - summer
Auto Code: F
Internet TLD: .fr
Calling code: +33
Corporate Income Tax: 33.33%
Personal Income Tax: 21%, 0-40%
Value Added Tax: 5.5/19.6%
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