Today: Thursday - 23 November 2017
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Today Holidays
Georgia: Saint George's Day
Japan: Labour Thanksgiving Day
United-States: Thanksgiving
Federated-States-of-Micronesia: Thanksgiving (Kosrae & Chuuk)


1227 - Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gąsawa.
1248 - Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile.
1499 - Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
1531 - The Second war of Kappel results in the dissolution of the Protestant alliance in Switzerland.
1644 - Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, and written by John Milton is published.
1654 - French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.
1808 - French and Poles defeats the Spanish at battle of Tudela
1844 - Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga begins – Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant reinforce troops at Chattanooga, Tennessee and counter-attack Confederate troops.
1867 - The Manchester Martyrs are hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail.
1869 - In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched – one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
1876 - Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
1889 - The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.
1890 - General elections in Italy.
1890 - King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to become his heir.
1903 - Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
1910 - Johan Alfred Ander becomes the last person in Sweden to be executed.
1914 - Mexican Revolution: The last of U.S. forces withdraw from Veracruz, occupied seven months earlier in response to the Tampico Affair.
1934 - An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
1936 - The first edition of Life is published.
1940 - World War II: Romania becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers.
1943 - World War II: The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It will eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
1943 - World War II: Tarawa and Makin atolls fall to American forces.
1946 - The Workers Party of South Korea is founded.
1955 - The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to Australia.
1958 - Johnston McCulley dies in Los Angelas, California in his home after a series of operations.
1959 - General Charles de Gaulle, President of France, declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for a "Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals."
1963 - The BBC broadcast the first ever episode of Doctor Who starring William Hartnell which would become the world's longest Science-Fiction Drama to date.
1971 - The representatives of the People's Republic of China first attended the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, as China's representatives (See China and the United Nations).
1976 - Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100;m undersea without breathing equipment.
1979 - In Dublin, Ireland, Provisional Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
1980 - A series of earthquakes in southern Italy kills approximately 4,800 people.
1981 - Iran-Contra Affair: Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
1985 - Gunmen hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 while en route from Athens to Cairo. When the plane lands in Malta, Egyptian commandos storm the hijacked jetliner, but 60 people die in the raid.
1990 - The first all woman expedition to the south pole (3 Americans, 1 Japanese and 12 Russians), sets off from Antarctica on the 1st leg of a 70 day, 1287 kilometre ski trek.
1993 - Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize award for best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year.
1996 - Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125.
1996 - The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.
1998 - Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh.
2001 - Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
2003 - Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.
2005 - Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country.
2007 - MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.



1 JanuaryNew Year's Day
9 JanuaryMartyrs' Day (Día de los Mártires)
25 FebruaryCarnival
25 FebruaryCarnival
1 MarchAsh Wednesday
14 AprilGood Friday
1 MayLabour Day
15 AugustFoundation of Panama City (Fundación de la Ciudad de Panamá)
3 NovemberIndependence Day
4 NovemberNational Flag's Day
10 NovemberFirst Shout of Independence from Spain (Primer Grito de Independencia de la Villa de los Santos)
28 NovemberIndependence Day
8 DecemberMother's Day
24 DecemberChristmas Eve
25 DecemberChristmas
31 DecemberNew Year's Eve
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Republic of Panama
República de Panama
Republic of Panama - FlagRepublic of Panama - Coat of arms
Republic of Panama - Location
Capital: Panama City
Official languages: Spanish
Government: Republic
Currency: Balboa (PAB)
Population: 3 293 000
Area: 78 200 km²
Religion: Catholicism (84%)
Time Zone: UTC -5
Auto Code: PA
Internet TLD: .pa
Calling code: +507
Corporate Income Tax: 30,00%
Personal Income Tax: 0-27%
Value Added Tax: 0/7%
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