1143 - The king Alfonso VII of Leon recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.
1550 - Foundation of Concepción, city in Chile.
1582 - Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1665 - The University of Kiel is founded.
1789 - French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris.
1793 - French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
1857 - The City of Anaheim is founded.
1864 - The Indian city of Calcutta is almost totally destroyed by a cyclone; 60,000 die.
1869 - A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
1877 - Chief Joseph surrenders his Nez Perce band to General Nelson A. Miles.
1895 - The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London.
1903 - Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices.
1905 - Wilbur Wright pilots Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.
1910 - Portugal overthrows its monarchy and declares itself a republic.
1914 - World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill.
1915 - Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
1921 - Baseball: The World Series is broadcast on the radio for the first time.
1930 - British Airship R101 crashed in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
1936 - The Jarrow March sets off for London.
1944 - Canadian Air Force pilots shoot down the first German jet fighter over France.
1944 - Suffrage is extended to women in France.
1945 - Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.
1947 - The first televised White House address is given by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.
1948 - The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 110,000.
1953 - The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held.
1966 - Near Detroit, Michigan, there is a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor.
1968 - Police baton civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland – considered to mark the beginning of The Troubles.
1969 - The first episode of the famous comedy show Monty Python's Flying Circus aired on BBC.
1970 - PBS became a television network.
1970 - Montreal, Quebec: British Trade Commissioner James Cross is kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
1973 - Signature of the European Patent Convention.
1974 - Guildford pub bombing by the IRA leaves 5 dead and 65 injured.
1981 - Raoul Wallenberg becomes an honorary U.S. citizen.
1984 - Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger.
1986 - Israeli secret nuclear weapons are revealed. The British newspaper The Sunday Times ran Mordechai Vanunu's story on its front page under the headline: "Revealed — the secrets of Israel's nuclear arsenal."
1988 - The Chilean opposition coalition Concertación (center-left) defeat Augusto Pinochet in his re-election intentions. Next year a general election is called.
1990 - After one hundred and fifty years The Herald broadsheet newspaper in Melbourne, Australia, is published for the last time as a separate newspaper.
1991 - An Indonesian military transport crashes after takeoff from Jakarta killing 137.
1991 - The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, is released.
1999 - The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.
2000 - Mass demonstrations in Belgrade lead to resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević. These demonstrations are often called the Bulldozer Revolution.
2001 - Robert Stevens becomes the first victim in the 2001 anthrax attacks.