1236 - The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in the Battle of Saule.
1499 - Treaty of Basel; Switzerland becomes an independent state.
1586 - The Battle of Zutphen is fought.
1598 - Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter.
1692 - Last people hanged for witchcraft in the United States.
1761 - Coronation of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.
1776 - Nathan Hale is hanged for spying during American Revolution.
1784 - Russia establishes a colony at Kodiak, Alaska.
1789 - The position of United States Postmaster General is established.
1792 - Primidi Vendémiaire of year 1 of the French Republican Calendar.
1823 - Joseph Smith, Jr. claims that he is directed by God through the Angel Moroni to the place where the Golden plates are stored.
1851 - The city of Des Moines, Iowa is incorporated as Fort Des Moines.
1862 - Slavery in the United States: a preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation is released.
1866 - Battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
1869 - Richard Wagner's opera Das Rheingold premieres in Munich.
1885 - Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right".
1888 - The first issue of National Geographic Magazine is published
1893 - The first American-made automobile, built by the Duryea Brothers, is displayed.
1896 - Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.
1908 - The independence of Bulgaria is proclaimed.
1910 - The Duke of York's Cinema opens in Brighton. It is still operating today, making it the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain.
1919 - The steel strike of 1919, led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, begins in Pennsylvania before spreading across the United States.
1927 - Jack Dempsey loses the Long Count boxing match to Gene Tunney.
1934 - An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers.
1937 - Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
1939 - Joint victory parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest-Litovsk at the end of the Invasion of Poland.
1941 - World War II: On Jewish New Year Day, the German SS murder 6,000 Jews in Vinnytsya, Ukraine. Those are the survivors of the previous killings that took place a few days earlier in which about 24,000 Jews are executed.
1944 - World War II: the Red Army enters Tallinn.
1951 - The first live sporting event seen coast-to-coast in the United States, a college football game between Duke and the University of Pittsburgh, is televised on NBC.
1955 - In Britain, the television channel ITV goes live for the first time.
1960 - The Sudanese Republic is renamed Mali after the withdrawal of Senegal from the Mali Federation.
1965 - The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965/Second Kashmir War between India and Pakistan over Kashmir ends after the UN calls for a cease-fire.
1970 - Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as Prime Minister of Malaysia.
1975 - Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is foiled by Oliver Sipple.
1979 - The South Atlantic Flash or Vela Incident is observed near Bouvet Island, thought to be a nuclear weapons test.
1980 - Iraq invades Iran.
1985 - The Plaza Accord is signed in New York City.
1991 - The Dead Sea Scrolls are made available to the public for the first time by the Huntington Library.
1993 - A barge strikes a railroad bridge near Mobile, Alabama, causing the the deadliest train wreck in Amtrak history. 47 passengers are killed.
1993 - A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia.
1995 - An E-3B AWACS crashes outside Elmendorf AFB, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board are killed.
1995 - Nagerkovil school bombing, is carried out by Sri Lankan Air Force in which 34 (at least) people died, most of them are ethnic Tamil school children.
1997 - Bentalha massacre in Algeria; over 200 villagers are killed.
2003 - David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.
2004 - New Windows fitted at 5:37pm
2004 - Oceanic Flight 815 goes missing over the Pacific Ocean.
2006 - The F-14 Tomcat retires from the United States Navy.