Today: Saturday - 16 January 2021
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Events

1120 - The Council of Nablus is held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1362 - A storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German city of Rungholt on the island of Strand.
1412 - The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
1492 - The first grammar of the Spanish language, is presented to Queen Isabella I.
1547 - Ivan IV of Russia aka Ivan the Terrible becomes Tsar of Russia.
1556 - Philip II becomes King of Spain.
1572 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
1581 - The English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism.
1605 - The first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.
1707 - The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.
1761 - The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French.
1777 - Vermont declares its independence from New York.
1780 - American Revolution: Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
1809 - Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of La Coruña.
1847 - John C. Fremont is appointed Governor of the new California Territory.
1878 - Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) – Battle of Plovdiv: Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
1883 - The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, establishing the United States Civil Service, is passed.
1896 - Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
1900 - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
1909 - Ernest Shackleton's expedition finds the magnetic South Pole.
1919 - Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.
1942 - Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard.
1945 - Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker.
1956 - President Gamal Abdal Nasser of Egypt vows to reconquer Palestine.
1968 - The Youth International Party is founded.
1969 - Czech student Jan Palach commits suicide by self-immolation in Prague, in protest against the Soviets' crushing of the Prague Spring the year before.
1970 - Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.
1979 - The Shah of Iran flees Iran with his family and relocates to Egypt.
1986 - First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.
1991 - The United States goes to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time).
1992 - El Salvador officials and rebel leaders sign the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City ending a 12-year civil war that claimed at least 75,000.
2001 - Congolese President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by one of his own bodyguards.
2001 - The First surviving wikipedia edit is made: UuU
2001 - US President Bill Clinton awards former President Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor for his service in the Spanish-American War.
2002 - The UN Security Council unanimously establishes an arms embargo and the freezing of assets of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaida, and the remaining members of the Taliban.
2003 - The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off for mission STS-107 which would be its final one. Columbia disintegrated 16 days later on re-entry.
2006 - Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf is sworn in as Liberia's new president. She becomes Africa's first female elected head of state.
27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.

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2021

1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (New Year's Day)
25 JanuaryMartin Luther King's Day (Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., Martin Luther King, Jr. Day)
15 FebruaryPresident's Day (President's Day)
31 MayRemembrance Day (Memorial Day)
4 JulyIndependence Day (Independence Day)
6 SeptemberLabour Day (Labour's Day)
11 OctoberColumbus Day (Columbus Day)
11 NovemberVeteran's Day (Veterans Day)
25 NovemberThanksgiving (Thanksgiving)
25 DecemberChristmas (Christmas)
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United States of America
The United States of America
United States of America - FlagUnited States of America - Coat of arms
United States of America - Location
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Official languages: No official language nationwide, English is the de facto official language.
Government: Presidential republic
Currency: US Dollar (USD)
Population: 305 548 000
Area: 9 631 420 km²
Religion: Protestantism (52%)
Time Zone:
UTC -5 -> -11 winter
UTC -4 -> -10 summer
Auto Code: USA
Internet TLD: .us .gov .mil .edu
Calling code: +1202
Corporate Income Tax: 15-39% (federal)/0-12% (state)
Personal Income Tax: 0-35% (federal)/0-10.55% (state)
Value Added Tax: 0-10,25%
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