Today: Saturday - 21 July 2018
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Today Holidays
Belgium: National Day
Guam: Liberation Day
Cook-Islands: Gospel Day - Mitiaro

Events

1403 - Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.
1545 - The first landing of French troops onto the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight occurs.
1568 - Eighty Years' War: Battle of Jemmingen – Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva defeats Louis of Nassau.
1718 - The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
1774 - Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
1831 - Inauguration of Léopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
1861 - American Civil War: First Battle of Bull Run – at Manassas Junction, Virginia, the first major battle of the war begins. The Confederate won.
1865 - In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.
1873 - At Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the James-Younger gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American West.
1877 - After rioting by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia.
1918 - U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts. This is the first time that the United States is shelled since the War of 1812.
1919 - The dirigible Wingfoot Air Express crashes into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Chicago, killing 12 people.
1925 - Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Guam – American troops land on Guam starting the battle. It would end on August 10.
1949 - The United States Senate ratifies the North Atlantic Treaty.
1954 - First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
1960 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike is elected prime minister of Sri Lanka and becomes the first woman prime minister in the world.
1961 - Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 4 Mission – Gus Grissom piloting Liberty Bell 7 becomes the second American to go into space (in a suborbital mission).
1964 - Singapore Race Riot – every year since then, Racial Harmony Day is celebrated on this day.
1969 - Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission.
1970 - After 11 years of construction, the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
1972 - Bloody Friday bombing by the Provisional Irish Republican Army around Belfast, Northern Ireland – 22 bomb explosions, 9 people killed and 130 people seriously injured.
1973 - In the Lillehammer affair in Norway, Israeli Mossad agents kill a waiter whom they mistakenly thought was involved in 1972's Munich Olympics Massacre.
1976 - Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
1977 - The start of a four day long Libyan-Egyptian War takes place.
1983 - The world's lowest temperature is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at −89.2°C (−129°F).
1994 - Tony Blair is declared the winner of the leadership election of the British Labour Party, paving the way for him to become Prime Minister in 1997.
1995 - Third Taiwan Strait Crisis: The People's Liberation Army begins firing missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.
1997 - The fully restored USS Constitution (aka "Old Ironsides") celebrates her 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
2002 - Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest such filing in United States history.
2004 - The United Kingdom government publishes Delivering Security in a Changing World, a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country's armed forces.
2005 - Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London's public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers are captured and later convicted and imprisoned for long terms.
2007 - Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book in the bestselling Harry Potter series is released.
2008 - Bosnian-Serb war criminal Radovan Karadžić is arrested in Serbia and is indicted by the UN's ICTY tribunal.
285 - Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler.

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2018

1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Yılbaşı)
23 AprilChildren's Day (Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı)
19 MayYouth Day (Atatürk'ü Anma, Gençlik ve Spor Bayramı)
15 JuneEnd of Ramadan (Ramazan Bayramı, Şeker Bayramı)
16 JuneEnd of Ramadan (Ramazan Bayramı, Şeker Bayramı)
17 JuneEnd of Ramadan (Ramazan Bayramı, Şeker Bayramı)
21 AugustSacrifice Feast (Kurban Bayramı)
22 AugustSacrifice Feast (Kurban Bayramı)
23 AugustSacrifice Feast (Kurban Bayramı)
24 AugustSacrifice Feast (Kurban Bayramı)
30 AugustVictory Day (Zafer Bayramı)
29 OctoberRepublic Day (Cumhuriyet Bayramı)
Somalia  |  Sudan  |  Zambia  |  Zimbabwe  |  Bhutan  |  Yemen  |  South Korea  |  Malaysia  |  Sri Lanka  |  Turkmenistan  |  Vietnam  |  Nigeria  |  Liechtenstein  |  Moldova  |  Nicaragua  |  French Polynesia  |  Niue  |  Northern Mariana Islands  |  Marshall Islands  |  Solomon Islands  |  Andorra  |  Belgium  |  The Gambia  |  Equatorial Guinea  |  Kenya  |  Malawi  |  Guatemala  |  Mexico  |  Algeria  |  Burkina Faso
Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Republic of Turkey - FlagRepublic of Turkey - Coat of arms
Republic of Turkey - Location
Capital: Ankara
Official languages: Turkish
Government: Parliamentary republic
Currency: Turkish Lira (TRY)
Population: 3 620 000
Area: 780 580 km²
Religion: Sunni Islam
Time Zone:
UTC +2 winter
UTC +3 summer
Auto Code: TR
Internet TLD: .tr
Calling code: +90
Corporate Income Tax: 20,00%
Personal Income Tax: 15-35%
Value Added Tax: 18,00%
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