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Events

1046 - Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.
1496 - King Henry VII of England issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorising them to explore unknown lands.
1689 - Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham is named Secretary of State for the Northern Department.
1766 - Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.
1770 - Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including a black man named Crispus Attucks, and a boy, are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later.
1784 - Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney is named President of the Board of Trade.
1824 - First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.
1836 - Samuel Colt makes the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber.
1848 - Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
1850 - The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
1860 - Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.
1868 - Mefistofele, an opera by Arrigo Boito receives its première performance at La Scala.
1868 - A court of impeachment is organized in the United States Senate to hear charges against President Andrew Johnson.
1872 - George Westinghouse patents the air brake.
1894 - Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery becomes First Lord of the Treasury.
1904 - Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.
1912 - Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
1933 - Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a "bank holiday", closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions.
1940 - Members of Soviet politburo sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, known also as the Katyn massacre.
1942 - United States Navy Seabees established.
1943 - First flight of Gloster Meteor jet aircraft in the United Kingdom.
1946 - Winston Churchill uses the phrase "Iron Curtain" in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri.
1946 - Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
1949 - The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
1953 - Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin died at age 73.
1958 - The Explorer 2 spacecraft launches and fails to reach Earth orbit.
1960 - The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
1965 - March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
1966 - BOAC Flight 911 crashes on Mount Fuji, Japan, killing 124.
1970 - The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations.
1973 - Donald DeFreeze, the future Symbionese Liberation Army leader, escapes from Vacaville Prison.
1974 - Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal.
1975 - First meeting of the Homebrew Computer Club
1978 - The Landsat 3 is launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
1979 - Soviet probes Venera 11, Venera 12 and the American solar satellite Helios 2 all are hit by "off the scale" gamma rays leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters.
1979 - Voyager 1's closest approach to Jupiter, 172,000 miles.
1982 - Venera 14, a Soviet satellite, arrives at the planet Venus.
1984 - 6,000 Miners in the United Kingdom begin their historic strike at Cortonwood Colliery.
1988 - Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
1999 - Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut.
2001 - In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
2003 - In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.

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2024

1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Capodanno)
6 JanuaryEpiphany (Epifania)
31 MarchEaster (Domenica di Pasqua)
1 AprilEaster Monday (Pasquetta)
25 AprilLiberation Day (Festa della Liberazione)
1 MayLabour Day (Festa dei Lavoratori)
2 JuneRepublic Day (Festa della Repubblica)
15 AugustAssumption of Mary (Assunzione, Ferragosto)
1 NovemberAll Saints (Ognissanti or Tutti i santi)
8 DecemberImmaculate Conception (Immacolata Concezione, Immacolata)
25 DecemberChristmas (Natale)
26 DecemberSt. Stephen's Day (Santo Stefano)
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Italian Republic
Repubblica Italiana
Italian Republic - FlagItalian Republic - Coat of arms
Italian Republic - Location
Capital: Rome
Official languages: Italian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Population: 59 619 290
Area: 301 230 km²
Religion: Catholicism
Time Zone:
UTC +1 winter
UTC +2 summer
Auto Code: I
Internet TLD: .it
Calling code: +39
Corporate Income Tax: 31,40%
Personal Income Tax: 23-43%
Value Added Tax: 4/10/20%
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