1257 - Kraków, Poland receives city rights.
1798 - The Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster is defeated.
1817 - The first Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched.
1829 - HMS;Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
1832 - The June Rebellion breaks out in Paris in an attempt to overthrow the monarchy of Louis-Philippe.
1837 - Houston, Texas is incorporated by the Republic of Texas.
1849 - Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy by the signing of a new constitution.
1851 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery serial, Uncle Tom's Cabin or, Life Among the Lowly starts a ten-month run in the National Era abolitionist newspaper.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Piedmont: Union forces under General David Hunter defeat a Confederate army at Piedmont, Virginia, taking nearly 1,000 prisoners.
1888 - The Rio de la Plata Earthquake takes place.
1900 - Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
1915 - Denmark amends its constitution to allow women's suffrage.
1916 - Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
1917 - World War I: Conscription begins in the United States as "Army registration day".
1933 - The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution (48 Stat. 112) nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
1941 - Four thousand Chongqing residents are asphyxiated in a bomb shelter during the Bombing of Chongqing.
1944 - World War II: More than 1000 British bombers drop 5,000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
1945 - The Allied Control Council, the military occupation governing body of Germany, formally takes power.
1946 - A fire in the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago, Illinois kills 61 people.
1947 - Marshall Plan: In a speech at Harvard University, United States Secretary of State George Marshall calls for economic aid to war-torn Europe.
1956 - Elvis Presley introduces his new single, "Hound Dog", on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
1959 - The first government of the State of Singapore is sworn in.
1963 - British Secretary of State for War John Profumo resigns in a sex scandal known as the Profumo Affair.
1963 - Movement of 15 Khordad: Protest against arrest of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini by Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. In several cities, masses of angry demonstrators are confronted by tanks and paratroopers.
1964 - DSV Alvin is commisioned.
1967 - Six-Day War begins: The Israeli air force launches simultaneous pre-emptive attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
1968 - U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California by Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy dies the next day.
1969 - The International communist conference begins in Moscow.
1975 - The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War.
1975 - The United Kingdom holds its first and only country-wide referendum, on remaining in the European Economic Community (EEC).
1976 - Collapse of the Teton Dam in Idaho, United States.
1977 - A coup takes place in Seychelles.
1977 - The Apple II, the first practical personal computer, goes on sale.
1981 - The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that five people in Los Angeles, California have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems, in what turns out to be the first recognized cases of AIDS.
1984 - Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi orders an attack on the Golden Temple, the holiest site of the Sikh religion.
1989 - The Unknown Rebel halts the progress of a column of advancing tanks for over half an hour after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
1995 - The Bose-Einstein condensate is first created.
1998 - A strike begins at the General Motors parts factory in Flint, Michigan, that quickly spreads to five other assembly plants (the strike lasted seven weeks).
2001 - U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords leaves the Republican Party, an act which shifts control of the United States Senate from the Republicans to the Democratic Party.
2001 - Tropical Storm Allison makes landfall on the upper-Texas coastline as a strong tropical storm and dumps large amounts of rain over Houston. The storm caused $5.5 billion in damages, making Allison the costliest tropical storm in U.S. history.
2003 - A severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reaches its peak, as temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F) in the region.
2006 - Serbia declares independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.