Today: Thursday - 15 November 2018
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Today Holidays
Côte-d'Ivoire: Day of Peace
Liberia: Thanksgiving
Belgium: Day of the German-speaking Community of Belgium
Brazil: Republic Day

Events

1315 - Battle of Morgarten the Schweizer Eidgenossenschaft ambushes the army of Leopold I.
1515 - Thomas Cardinal Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal
1532 - Commanded by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistadors under Hernando de Soto meet Inca leader Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca, arranging a meeting on the city plaza the following day
1533 - Francisco Pizarro arrives in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire.
1777 - American Revolutionary War: After 16 months of debate the Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.
1791 - The first U.S Catholic college, Georgetown University, opens its doors.
1806 - Pike expedition: Lieutenant Zebulon Pike sees a distant mountain peak while near the Colorado foothills of the Rocky Mountains (it is later named Pikes Peak).
1854 - In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
1864 - American Civil War: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman burns Atlanta, Georgia and starts Sherman's March to the Sea.
1889 - Brazil is declared a republic by Marechal Deodoro da Fonseca and Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup.
1920 - First assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva.
1923 - The German Rentenmark is introduced in Germany to counter Inflation in the Weimar Republic.
1926 - The NBC radio network opens with 24 stations.
1935 - Manuel L. Quezon is inaugurated as the second president of the Philippines.
1939 - In Washington, D.C., US President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.
1942 - World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219.
1942 - World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
1943 - Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps". (see Porajmos)
1948 - Louis Stephen St. Laurent succeeds William Lyon Mackenzie King as Prime Minister of Canada. King had the longest combined time (3 terms, 22 years in total) as Premier in Commonwealth of Nations history.
1949 - Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi.
1959 - Four members of the Herbert Clutter Family are murdered at their farm outside Holcomb, Kansas.
1960 - The Polaris missile is test launched.
1966 - Gemini program: Gemini 12 splashes down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.
1966 - A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 708 crashes near Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.
1967 - The only fatality of the X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert.
1969 - Cold War: The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
1969 - Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 250,000-500,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".
1971 - Intel releases world's first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004.
1976 - René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois take power to become the first Quebec government of the 20th century clearly in favour of independence.
1978 - A chartered Douglas DC-8 crashes near Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing 183.
1979 - A package from the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, forcing the plane to make an emergency landing.
1983 - Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is founded. Recognised only by Turkey
1985 - A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes.
1985 - The Anglo-Irish Agreement is signed at Hillsborough Castle by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald.
1987 - Continental Airlines Flight 1713, a Douglas DC-9-14 jetliner, crashes in a snowstorm at Denver, Colorado Stapleton International Airport, killing 28 occupants, while 54 survive the crash.
1988 - In the Soviet Union, the unmanned Shuttle Buran is launched on her first and last space flight.
1988 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council.
1988 - The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
1990 - Space Shuttle program: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches with flight STS-38.
2000 - A chartered Antonov AN-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola killing more than 40 people. New Jharkhand state came into existence in India.
2002 - Hu Jintao becomes general secretary of the Communist Party of China.
2003 - The first day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings, in which two car bombs, targeting two synagogues, explode, killing 25 people and wounding about 300. Additional bombings follow on November 20.
2005 - Boeing formally launches the stretched Boeing 747-8 variant with orders from Cargolux and Nippon Cargo Airlines.
2007 - A Cyclone named Sidr hit Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5000 people and destroyed the world's largest mangrove forest, Sundarbans.

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2018

1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Ganjitsu: 元日, O-shōgatsu: お正月)
8 JanuaryComing of Age Day (Seijin no Hi, 成人の日)
11 FebruaryNational Foundation Day (建国記念の日, Kenkoku Kinen no Hi)
3 MayConstitution Memorial Day (Kenpō Kinenbi, 憲法記念日)
4 MayGreenery Day (Midori no Hi, 緑の日)
5 MayChildren's Day (Kodomo no Hi, 子供の日)
23 JulyMarine Day (Umi no Hi, 海の日)
24 SeptemberRespect-for-the-Aged Day (Keirō no Hi, 敬老の日)
3 NovemberCulture Day (Bunka no hi)
23 NovemberLabour Thanksgiving Day (Kinrō Kansha no Hi, 勤労感謝の日)
23 DecemberThe Emperor's Birthday (Tenno Tanjōbi)
Sierra Leone  |  Zimbabwe  |  Christmas Island  |  Georgia  |  Yemen  |  Qatar  |  Malaysia  |  Thailand  |  Germany  |  Poland  |  Russia  |  Slovenia  |  Italy  |  Saint Kitts and Nevis  |  Kiribati  |  New Zealand  |  Norfolk Island  |  Vanuatu  |  Andorra  |  Ghana  |  Kenya  |  Mauritania  |  Mozambique  |  Brazil  |  Guyana  |  Venezuela  |  Bermuda  |  Canada  |  Mexico  |  
Japan
日本国
Japan - FlagJapan - Coat of arms
Japan - Location
Capital: Tokyo
Official languages: Japanese (de facto), Ryukyuan (minority language), Ainu (minority language)
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Currency: Yen (JPY)
Population: 127 078 679
Area: 377 835 km²
Religion: Buddhism, Shinto
Time Zone: UTC +9 (nie ma czasu letniego)
Auto Code: J
Internet TLD: .jp
Calling code: +81
Corporate Income Tax: 40,69%
Personal Income Tax: 5-50%
Value Added Tax: 5,00%
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