1180 - Manuel I Komnenos, last Emperor of the Komnenian restoration dies. The Byzantine Empire slips into terminal decline.
1664 - The Netherlands surrenders New Amsterdam to England.
1789 - The office of the Attorney General of the United States of America, and the United States Post Office Department, are established.
1841 - The Sultan of Brunei cedes Sarawak to Britain.
1852 - The first airship powered by (a steam) engine, created by Henri Giffard, travels 17 miles (27;km) from Paris to Trappes.
1869 - "Black Friday": Gold prices plummet after Ulysses S. Grant orders the Treasury to sell large quantities of gold after Jay Gould and James Fisk plot to control the market.
1877 - Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
1890 - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounces polygamy.
1903 - Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
1906 - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation's first National Monument.
1928 - Major riot during a whalf strike in Port Adelaide involving up 4,000 waterside workers
1935 - Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi
1946 - Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong
1947 - Majestic 12 is allegedly established by secret executive order of President Harry Truman
1948 - The Honda Motor Company is founded.
1950 - Forest fires black out the sun over portions of Canada and New England. A Blue moon (in the astronomical sense) is seen as far away as Europe.
1957 - Camp Nou, the largest stadium in Europe, is opened in Barcelona.
1957 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends 101st Airborne Division troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to enforce desegregation.
1962 - United States court of appeals orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith.
1968 - 60 Minutes debuts on CBS
1973 - Guinea-Bissau declares its independence from Portugal.
1990 - Periodic Great White Spot observed on Saturn
1994 - National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.
1996 - U.S. President Bill Clinton signs the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.
2005 - Hurricane Rita makes landfall in the United States, devastating Beaumont, Texas and portions of southwestern Louisiana.