Today: Friday - 20 April 2018
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Events

1303 - The University of Rome La Sapienza is instituted by Pope Boniface VIII.
1453 - The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurs, as three Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport fight their way through the huge Ottoman blockade fleet and into the Golden Horn.
1534 - Jacques Cartier begins the voyage during which he discovers Canada and Labrador.
1653 - Oliver Cromwell dissolves the Rump Parliament.
1657 - Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish silver fleet under heavy fire at Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
1657 - Freedom of religion is granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City).
1689 - The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: the Siege of Boston begins, following the battles at Lexington and Concord.
1792 - France declares war on Austria, the beginning of French Revolutionary Wars.
1809 - Two Austrian army corps in Bavaria are defeated by a First French Empire army led by Napoleon I of France at the Battle of Abensberg on the second day of a four day campaign which ended in a French victory.
1810 - The Governor of Caracas declares independence from Spain.
1828 - René Caillié becomes the first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.
1836 - U.S. Congress passes an act creating the Wisconsin Territory.
1861 - American Civil War: Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army in order to command the forces of the state of Virginia.
1862 - Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard complete the first pasteurization tests.
1871 - The Civil Rights Act of 1871 becomes law.
1884 - Pope Leo XIII publishes the encyclical Humanum Genus.
1902 - Pierre and Marie Curie refine radium chloride.
1908 - Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League.
1912 - Opening day for baseball stadiums Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts.
1914 - Forty-five men, women, and children die in the Ludlow Massacre during a Colorado coal-miner's strike.
1916 - The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 11 innings
1918 - Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.
1926 - Western Electric and Warner Bros. announce Vitaphone, a process to add sound to film.
1939 - Billie Holiday records the first Civil Rights song "Strange Fruit".
1945 - World War II: Fuehrerbunker: Adolf Hitler makes his last trip to the surface to award Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth.
1945 - World War II: US troops capture Leipzig, Germany, only to later cede the city to the Soviet Union.
1961 - Failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of US-backed troops against Cuba.
1964 - BBC Two launches with the power cut because of the fire at Battersea Power Station.
1968 - English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.
1972 - Apollo 16 landed on the moon commanded by John Young.
1978 - Korean Air Flight 902 is shot down by Soviets.
1980 - Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested.
1985 - ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas.
1986 - Pianist Vladimir Horowitz performs in his native Russia for the first time in 61 years.
1986 - Professional basketball player Michael Jordan sets all-time record for points in an NBA playoff game with 63 against the Boston Celtics.
1998 - German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.
1999 - Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School in Jefferson County, Colorado.
2001 - China removes homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses.
2007 - Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself.
2008 - Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race.

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2018

30 MarchGood Friday
20 AprilAll Saints
20 AprilImmaculate Conception
20 AprilNew Year's Day
20 AprilLabour Day
21 MayBattle of Angamos
25 JuneFeast of Saints Peter and Paul
16 JulyOur Lady of Mount Carmel (Virgen del Carmen)
15 AugustAssumption of Mary
18 SeptemberIndependence Day
19 SeptemberArmed Forces Day
8 OctoberColumbus Day (Día del Descubrimiento de Dos Mundos)
31 OctoberReformation Day
25 DecemberChristmas
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Republic of Chile
República de Chile
Republic of Chile - FlagRepublic of Chile - Coat of arms
Republic of Chile - Location
Capital: Santiago
Official languages: Spanish
Government: Republic
Currency: Chilean Peso (CLP)
Population: 16 763 470
Area: 756 950 km²
Religion: Catholicism
Time Zone:
UTC -4 winter
UTC -3 summer
Auto Code: RCH
Internet TLD: .cl
Calling code: +56
Corporate Income Tax: 17,00%
Personal Income Tax: 0-40%
Value Added Tax: 19,00%
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