1212 - Golden Bull of Sicily is certified as an hereditary royal title in Bohemia for the Přemyslid dynasty.
1580 - Sir Francis Drake finishes his circumnavigation of the Earth.
1687 - The city council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange's invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution.
1687 - The Parthenon in Athens is partially destroyed by an explosion caused by the bombing from Venetian forces led by Morosini who are besieging the Ottoman Turks stationed in Athens.
1777 - British troops occupy Philadelphia, Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.
1783 - Fayette County, Pennsylvania is created.
1789 - Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General.
1792 - Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France.
1810 - A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
1820 - Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson proved tomatoes weren't poisonous by eating several on the steps of the courthouse in Salem, New Jersey.
1872 - The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) is established in New York City.
1907 - New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire.
1908 - Ed Reulbach becomes the first and only pitcher to throw two shutouts in one day against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
1914 - The United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is established by the Federal Trade Commission Act.
1918 - World War I: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the bloodiest single battle in American history, begins.
1934 - Steamship RMS;Queen Mary is launched.
1944 - World War II: On the central front of the Gothic Line Brazilian troops control the Serchio valley region after ten days of fighting.
1944 - World War II: Operation Market Garden fails.
1950 - United Nations troops recapture Seoul from the North Koreans.
1950 - Indonesia is admitted to the United Nations.
1954 - Japanese rail ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait, Japan killing 1,172.
1960 - Fidel Castro announces Cuba's support for the U.S.S.R.
1960 - In Chicago, the first televised debate takes place between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy.
1962 - The Yemen Arab Republic is proclaimed.
1969 - The Beatles release their last studio album, Abbey Road. To some fans it is the last release of the band, instead of Let It Be which came out in 1970 shortly before their break-up.
1970 - The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (710;km²).
1973 - Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic in record-breaking time.
1981 - Baseball: Nolan Ryan sets a Major League record by throwing his fifth no-hitter.
1983 - Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war.
1983 - Australia II, the first non-American winner, wins the Americas Cup.
1984 - The United Kingdom agrees to handover of Hong Kong
1997 - An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and the Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse.
1997 - A Garuda Indonesia Airbus A-300 crashes near Medan, Indonesia, airport, killing 234.
2000 - Anti-globalization protests in Prague (some 20,000 protesters) turn violent during the IMF and World Bank summits.
2000 - The MS;Express Samina sinks off Paros in the Agean sea killing 80 passengers.
2002 - The overcrowded Senegalese ferry MV Joola capsizes off the coast of Gambia killing more than 1,000.
2008 - Swiss pilot and inventor Yves Rossy becomes first person to fly a jet engine-powered wing across the English Channel.