Today: Friday - 23 March 2018
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Pakistan: National Day


1174 - Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow.
1568 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. Again Catherine de' Medici and Charles IX of France make substantial concessions to the Huguenots.
1708 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his famous speech – "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" – at St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia.
1801 - Tsar Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle.
1806 - After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their "Corps of Discovery" begin their arduous journey home.
1821 - Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
1848 - The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
1857 - Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
1862 - The First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, marks the start of Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Though a Confederate defeat, the engagement distracts Federal efforts to capture Richmond.
1868 - The University of California is founded in Oakland, California when the Organic Act is signed into law.
1879 - War of the Pacific is fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully takes over Arica and Tarapacá leaving Bolivia as a landlocked country.
1889 - Land Run: President Benjamin Harrison opens Oklahoma to white settlement starting on April 22.
1889 - The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.
1889 - The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
1896 - The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels.
1903 - The Wright Brothers apply for a patent on their invention of one of the first successful airplanes.
1908 - American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
1909 - Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
1919 - In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
1931 - Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev are hanged during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be executed by firing squad is refused.
1933 - The Reichstag passes the Enabling act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
1935 - Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
1939 - Hungarian air force attacked the headquarters of Slovak air force in the city of Spišská Nová Ves, killed 13 people and began the Slovak–Hungarian War.
1940 - The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
1942 - World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands.
1956 - Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day in Pakistan)
1962 - NS;Savannah, the first nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship, is launched as a showcase for Dwight D. Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace initiative.
1965 - NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
1978 - The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line.
1980 - Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
1982 - Guatemala's government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.
1983 - Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
1989 - Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce cold fusion at the University of Utah.
1994 - At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
1994 - Aeroflot Flight 593 crashes in Siberia when the pilot's fifteen-year old son accidentally disengages the autopilot, killing all 75 people on board.
1994 - A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.
1996 - Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
1999 - Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña.
2001 - The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
2003 - In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
2004 - Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions holds its first conference in Hyderabad, India.
2005 - The United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, refuses to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube.
2005 - A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery kills 15 workers.
2006 - The Federal Reserve discontinues publishing M3 money supply.
2007 - Burnley Tunnel catastrophe occurs in Melbourne, Australia.
2007 - The Iranian Navy seizes Royal Navy personnel in the waters between Iran and Iraq.



1 JanuaryNew Year's Day (Нова година, nowa godina)
3 MarchLiberation Day (Ден на Освобождението)
8 MarchInternational Women's Day (Международен ден на жената (meżdunaroden den na żenata))
6 AprilOrthodox Good Friday (Великден)
9 AprilOrthodox Easter Monday (Великден)
1 MayLabour Day (Ден на труда (den na truda))
6 MaySt. George's Day (Гергьовден)
24 MayBulgarian Education and Culture, and Slavonic Literature Day (Ден на славянската писменност и култура (den na slawjanskata pismennoct i kultura))
6 SeptemberUnification Day (Ден на съединението на България (den na syedinenieto na Bulgaria))
22 SeptemberIndependence Day (Ден на независимостта (den na nezawisimostta))
24 DecemberChristmas Eve (Бъдни вечер)
25 DecemberChristmas (Коледа (koleda))
26 DecemberBoxing Day (Коледа)
Burkina Faso  |  The Gambia  |  Madagascar  |  Mozambique  |  Niger  |  Guyana  |  Colombia  |  The Bahamas  |  Belize  |  Mexico  |  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  |  El Salvador  |  Kiribati  |  Tonga  |  Czech Republic  |  Monaco  |  Norway  |  Romania  |  Sweden  |  Bangladesh  |  Bhutan  |  Iraq  |  Kyrgyzstan  |  Mongolia  |  Thailand  |  Tanzania  |  São Tomé and Príncipe  |  Zambia  |  Zimbabwe  |  Kazakhstan
Republic of Bulgaria
Република България
Republic of Bulgaria - FlagRepublic of Bulgaria - Coat of arms
Republic of Bulgaria - Location
Capital: Sofia
Official languages: Bulgarian
Government: Parliamentary republic
Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
Population: 7 262 675
Area: 110 910 km²
Religion: Orthodox Church
Time Zone:
UTC +2 winter
UTC +3 summer
Auto Code: BG
Internet TLD: .bg
Calling code: +359
Corporate Income Tax: 10,00%
Personal Income Tax: 10,00%
Value Added Tax: 20,00%
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