Today: Monday - 6 April 2020
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Today Holidays
Thailand: Chakri Dynasty Day
Cocos-Keeling-Islands: Act of Self-Determination


1199 - King Richard I of England dies from an infection following the removal of an arrow from his shoulder.
1320 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
1327 - The poet Petrarch first sees his idealized love, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.
1385 - John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.
1652 - At the Cape of Good Hope, Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp that eventually becomes Cape Town .
1667 - An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.
1782 - Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Siam (modern day Thailand), who is overthrown in a coup d'état.
1793 - During the French Revolution, the Committee of Public Safety becomes the executive organ of the republic, and the period known as the Reign of Terror begins.
1808 - John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.
1812 - British forces assault the fortress of Badajoz under the command of the Duke of Wellington. This would be the turning point in the Peninsular War against Napoleon led France.
1814 - Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.
1830 - The Church of Christ is organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. and others at Fayette, New York.
1832 - Indian Wars: The Black Hawk War begins – the Sauk warrior Black Hawk enters into war with the United States.
1860 - Joseph Smith III creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr.
1862 - American Civil War: The Battle of Shiloh begins – in Tennessee, forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant meet Confederate troops led by General Albert Sidney Johnston.
1865 - American Civil War: The Battle of Sayler's Creek – Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia fights its last major battle while in retreat from Richmond, Virginia.
1866 - The Grand Army of the Republic, an American patriotic organization composed of Union veterans of the American Civil War, is founded. It lasts until 1956.
1869 - Celluloid is patented.
1893 - Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is dedicated by Wilford Woodruff.
1895 - Oscar Wilde is arrested in the Cadogan Hotel, London after losing a libel case against the John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry.
1896 - In Athens, the opening of the first modern Olympic Games is celebrated, 1,500 years after the original games are banned by Roman Emperor Theodosius I.
1903 - The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
1909 - Robert Peary and Matthew Henson allegedly reach the North Pole.
1911 - Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, Leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).
1917 - World War I: The United States declares war on Germany (see President Woodrow Wilson's address to Congress).
1919 - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike.
1923 - The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
1926 - Walter Varney Airlines makes its first commercial flight (Varney is the root company of United Airlines).
1929 - Huey P. Long Governor of Louisiana is impeached by the Louisiana House of Representatives.
1930 - Gandhi raises a lump of mud and salt and declares, "With this, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire." Thus he starts the Salt Satyagraha.
1936 - Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak: Another tornado from the same storm system as the Tupelo tornado hits Gainesville, Georgia, killing 203.
1941 - World War II: Nazi Germany launches Operation 25 (the invasion of Yugoslavia) and Operation Marita (the invasion of Greece).
1947 - The first Tony Awards are presented for theatrical achievements.
1957 - Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines.
1965 - Launch of Early Bird, the first communications satellite to be placed in geosynchronous orbit.
1968 - In Richmond, Indiana's downtown district, a double explosion kills 41 and injures 150.
1970 - Newhall Incident: Four California Highway Patrol officers are killed.
1972 - Vietnam War: Easter Offensive – American forces begin sustained air strikes and naval bombardments.
1973 - Launch of Pioneer 11 spacecraft.
1973 - The American League of Major League Baseball begin using the Designated Hitter
1982 - Estonian Communist Party bureau declared "fight against bourgeois TV" — meaning Finnish TV — a top priority of the propagandists of Estonian SSR
1984 - Members of Cameroon's Republican Guard unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the government headed by Paul Biya.
1994 - The Rwandan Genocide begins when the aircraft carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down.
1998 - Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of hitting India.
1998 - Travelers Group announced an agreement to undertake the $76 billion merger between Travelers and Citicorp, and the merger is completed on October 8, of that year, forming Citibank.
2004 - Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from office by impeachment.
2005 - Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day.
2009 - A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing at least 253.



1 JanuaryLiberation Day (Triunfo de la Revolución)
2 JanuaryVictory Day
1 MayLabour Day (Día de los trabajadores)
25 JulyDay of the National Rebelliousness (Asalto al cuartel Moncada, Día de la Rebeldía Nacional)
26 JulyDay of the National Rebelliousness (Asalto al cuartel Moncada, Día de la Rebeldía Nacional)
27 JulyDay of the National Rebelliousness (Asalto al cuartel Moncada, Día de la Rebeldía Nacional)
10 OctoberIndependence Day (Aniversario de las Guerras de Independencia)
25 DecemberChristmas (Navidad)
31 DecemberNew Year's Eve
Republic of Cuba
República de Cuba
Republic of Cuba - FlagRepublic of Cuba - Coat of arms
Republic of Cuba - Location
Capital: Havana
Official languages: Spanish
Government: Socialist republic
Currency: Cuban Peso (CUP)
Population: 11 424 000
Area: 110 860 km²
Religion: Catholicism (85%)
Time Zone:
UTC -5 winter
UTC-4 summer
Auto Code: C
Internet TLD: .cu
Calling code: +53
Corporate Income Tax: 30,00%
Personal Income Tax: 10-50%
Value Added Tax: 12,00%
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