Today: Tuesday - 14 July 2020
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Today Holidays
Iraq: Republic Day
France: Bastille Day
French-Polynesia: Bastille Day
New-Caledonia: Bastille Day
Wallis-and-Futuna: Bastille Day


1223 - Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
1698 - The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
1769 - The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
1771 - Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra.
1789 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners.
1790 - French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
1791 - The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
1798 - The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
1865 - First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom die on the descent.
1881 - Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
1900 - Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion.
1902 - The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
1943 - In Joplin, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of a African American.
1948 - Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near the Italian Parliament.
1958 - Iraqi Revolution: in Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by popular forces lead by Abdul Karim Kassem, who becomes the nation's new leader.
1965 - The Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
1969 - Football War: after Honduras loses a soocer match against El Salvador, rioting breaks out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.
1969 - The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
1992 - 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source Operating System Revolution. Linus Torvalds release his Linux soon afterwards.
2000 - A powerful solar flare, later named the Bastille Day event, causes a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
2002 - French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
2003 - The United States Government admits to the existence of "Area 51".
2007 - Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.



7 JanuaryChristmas
19 JanuaryEpiphany (Timkat)
2 MarchVictory Day
17 AprilGood Friday (Siklet)
1 MayLabour Day
5 MayPatriots' Day
23 MayEnd of Ramadan (Eid El Fitr)
28 MayEnd of the Military Regime
29 JulySacrifice Feast (Eid El Adha)
11 SeptemberNew Year's Day (Enkutatash)
27 SeptemberFinding of the True Cross (Meskel)
13 NovemberBirth of the Prophet (Mawlid al-Nabi)
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Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
ye-Ītyōṗṗyā Fēdēralāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia - FlagFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia - Coat of arms
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia - Location
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official languages: Amharic
Government: Federal Parliamentary republic
Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB)
Population: 78 254 000
Area: 1 127 127 km²
Religion: Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (35%), Islam (45%), Ethnic religion (12%), other (8%)
Time Zone: UTC +3
Auto Code: ETH
Internet TLD: .et
Calling code: +251
Corporate Income Tax: 30%
Personal Income Tax: 10-40%
Value Added Tax: 15%
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